Our HIV programmes focus on rapid scaling of prevention, care and support programmes. They address underlying determinants of HIV including gender inequity and gender based violence, adolescent education and child protection, nutrition and alternate livelihoods. We work with female sex workers (FSW), men who have sex with men and transgenders (MSM-T), and people living with HIV and AIDS(PLHIV).

We use an evidence-based approach to directly implement programmes, provide technical assistance and knowledge management services. Strengthening community ownership and working closely with the government for long term sustainability of the programmes are defining features of our work. For instance, from 2008-12, we intensively supported the Government of Karnataka to rapidly expand ART services, implement the intensified TB-HIV initiative and integrate the Prevention of Parent to Child
Transmission (PPTCT) with the National Rural Health Mission.

Our efforts since 2003 have significantly informed policy and practice.
For example:

  • India’s national AIDS programme now includes violence reduction
    as a strategy to tackle the vulnerability and risk of sex workers
    and MSM;
  • micro planning tools developed in AVAHAN projects are now
    standard in targeted interventions nation-wide; and
  • national policy guidelines for HIV prevention now include a focus
    on rural sex workers.

Current Projects


Enhancing institutional and community care of children living with HIV

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Estimating the burden of Pediatric HIV in an ‘A’ Category District in India Phase-II

Facilitate early case detection in infants and young children (0-22 months) born to a HIV positive pregnant woman

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Concluded Projects

  • India Learning Network

    India Learning Network is a knowledge exchange initiative covering selected countries in Asia and Africa. The initiative influences the global HIV prevention practice by disseminating widely the learning from scaled up HIV prevention interventions in India. It also accelerates the prevention of HIV in participating countries by providing limited in-country technical assistance and follow up support. The project has influenced implementation plans of international NGOs, government programmes funded by the bi-lateral and multi-lateral agencies, and country-level policies, manuals and guidelines in order to increase coverage of high-risk populations with HIV prevention programs and services. KHPT implemented the project with support from University of Manitoba, Canada and FHI as the Lead Partner. Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation funded the initiative from 2012 to 2015.

  • Supporting community mobilisation initiatives in Manipur and Nagaland

    KHPT provided technical support for strengthening community mobilisation and institutional building processes in community based organisations (CBOs). It supported three Female Sex Worker (FSW) CBOs, two Injecting Drug Users (IDU) CBOs in Nagaland and seven IDU CBOs in Manipur. KHPT partnered with EHA-Project Orchid, Avahan’s State Lead Partner on this project from 2013 to 2014.

  • Sampoorna: Strengthening community structures to provide HIV services

    National AIDS Control Programme, Phase III (NACP III) designed a Link Worker Scheme (LWS) to provide HIV prevention, referral and follow up services to high risk and vulnerable groups in rural areas. KHPT was selected as the lead agency to implement this scheme in eight districts in Karnataka – Uttara Kannada, Shimoga, Gadag, Haveri, Chitradurga, Dakshina Kannada, Kolar and Bangalore Rural. The project built strong linkages with District AIDS Prevention and Control Units (DAPCUs) in all the districts and strengthened capacities of several community structures in the target villages. KHPT implemented the scheme from 2009 to 2012 in partnership with Christian Council for Rural Development and Research (COORR), Samuha, Chaitanya Rural Development Society (CRDS) and Institute of Youth and Development (IYD). Global Fund to fight against AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM) funded the project.

  • Sankalp: Scaling up targeted interventions with sex workers, men who have sex with men and transgenders

    Sankalp was the first initiative under which targeted interventions for sex workers, men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender populations were scaled up in the state of Karnataka. The project focused on scaling up HIV prevention interventions with key populations in 18 districts of Karnataka reaching over 47,000 FSWs and 15,000 MSM-T in 117 cities or towns, and over 200 village clusters. The first phase scaled up the interventions and the second phase built capacities of the local communities and the government to assume management of these initiatives. The project adopted an integrated approach in each priority district, which focused on HIV and STI prevention programmes among female sex workers, behaviour change programme for HIV and STI risk reduction in high risk male populations and improved quality and accessibility of STI management services. KHPT implemented the project, from 2003 to 2013. KHPT implemented the programme in partnership with NGOs and CBOs in 20 districts of Karnataka and Maharashtra. Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation funded the programme.

  • Continuum of Care for Common Chronic Conditions

    Funded by the World Health Organisation (WHO), the pilot intervention looked into developing a curriculum on “Chronic Care” into the pre-service medical education in Karnataka. Training content and methods were well received by most faculty and students, who recommended its integration into the regular curriculum. KHPT implemented the project from July to December 2011 in partnership with Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Bangalore and St. John’s Medical College, Karnataka.

  • Samastha: Reducing HIV transmission among high risk groups

    Samastha aimed to reduce HIV transmission among vulnerable and high-risk groups in rural areas, build the capacity of health care institutions and facilities to provide high-quality HIV/AIDS care, support and treatment, and promote the use of such services by people living with HIV/AIDS. The proejct covered rural areas of 12 districts in Karnataka and five districts in coastal Andhra Pradesh, India. Partnering with network of community based organisations, civil society organisations, academic and training institutions and other related networks, the project resulted in scale up of ART services and creation of experiential learning sites. The project reached 14000 rural female sex workers, 70000 vulnerable men and women, 7000 PLHIV and 5000 OVC.The project ushered in innovative models of public private partnership for HIV treatment and care, and catalysed implementation of pre-service pilot training on chronic care based on WHO’s Integrated Management of Adult and Adolescent Illness Model (IMAI). USAID funded the programme. KHPT and University of Manitoba, Canada implemented the programme withtechnical inputs from Engender Health and Populations Services International. KHPT collaborated with Karnataka State AIDS Prevention Society and Andhra Pradesh State AIDS Control Society and National AIDS Control Organisation. KHPT implemented the project, from 2006 to 2011.

  • Mainstreaming District AIDS Prevention and Control Units (DAPCU)

    In this capacity building project, implemented from 2009 to 2010, KHPT assisted the Karnataka State AIDS Prevention Society in building perspectives among the DAPCU stakeholders. Sensitisation trainings were conducted for public and private stakeholders to facilitate an enabling environment for the functioning of DAPCUs in 26 ‘A’ category districts. The project was assigned by National AIDS Control Society (NACO) toAvahan, which in turn assigned it to KHPT through the Public Health Foundation of India.

  • Capacitating Auxiliary Nurse Midwife (ANM) Counsellors in Targeted Intervention (TI) counselling

    NACP-III recognises counseling as a crucial to enabling behaviour change among High Risk Groups (HRGs) in the Targeted Interventions (TI) programmes. This project aimed at building capacities of the ANM/counsellors to provide counseling services and promote uptake of services such as STI, ICTC and ART. NACO streamlined the counseling training component with technical assistance from KHPT, Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI) and various experts prepared the ANM/Counselling module for counselors working in TIs. The project was funded by PHFI. KHPT provided technical assistance from 2010 to 2011.

  • Give 2 Asia: Evolving a community foster care model for children affected or infected by HIV/AIDS

    KHPT implemented a community/foster care model to care for
    children affected or infected by HIV/AIDS in Belgaum and Dharwad
    districts in Karnataka. Sixty orphans and 20 women were reached
    with psycho-social and education support and livelihood options and
    training to women as foster caregivers. Funded by Deshpande
    Foundation, the project was implemented from 2009 to 2010.

  • Project Spruha : Scaling up treatment, care and support services for people living with HIV in Maharashtra and Karnataka

    Funded by Global Fund for AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM),
    Round Six, India, this project aimed at expanding the coverage of and
    access to services for people living with HIV. It aimed to mainstream
    HIV/AIDS care into identified private and faith based health facilities.
    The project established a system for programme management,
    regular monitoring, supportive supervision and quality improvement.
    It built capacities of the personnel in the identified community care
    centres with requisite knowledge and skills to deliver quality care to
    people living with HIV without stigma or discrimination. KHPT
    implemented the project, from 2007 to 2010, in partnership with
    Catholic Health Association of India (CHAI) in Maharashtra and
    St.John’s Medical College and Hospital in Karnataka.